Polski Trambesh municipality is located in the northeastern part of the Veliko Tarnovo region in Central Northern Bulgaria. To the east it borders with the municipalities of Byala and Strazhitsa, to the south with Gorna Oryahovitsa municipality, to the west with the municipality of Pavlikeni and to the north with the municipality of Svishtov. The territory of Polski Trambesh municipality is 463,660 sq km. It occupies 0.40% of the territory of the country and 9.8% of Veliko Tarnovo region.
The distribution of the territory is as follows: agricultural fund - 391.4 sq km, fund settlements - 25.2 sq km, forest fund 38.7 sq. km, water supply and area - 6 sq. km, territories for transport - 2.3 sq. km. The municipality covers one city and fourteen villages, town and villages Polski Trambesh and the villages of Vurzulitsa, Ivancha, Karantsi, Klimentovo, the lame, Maslarevo, union Orlovets, Pavel, Petko Karavelovo, Polish Senovets, Radanovo, Strahilovo and Stefan Stambolovo. The municipal center is 45 km away. from the town of Svishtov, 36 km. from the town of Veliko Tarnovo, 35 km. from the town of Pavlikeni, 33 km. from the town of Gorna Oryahovitsa, 22 km. from the town of Byala and 40 km. from the town of Strazhitsa. There are several assumptions about Polski Trambesh's name. One of them is related to the words "thorns" and "was" due to the nature of the area. Another suggestion is that the name derives from the Turkish word "trempe" - a drum for the publicity. The settlement was declared a town in 1964. The population of the Municipality of Polski Trambesh in 2004 was 18 369, with 5 759 (31.2%) and 12 610 (68.8%) in the municipality.
According to its population, Polski Trambesh is included in the group of municipalities in the country with a population of 10 000 to 30 000. The human resources with its quantitative and qualitative characteristics are part of the overall socio-economic development. Conservation of the population, the gradual slowing down of the dynamics of the negative demographic processes and the creation of conditions for improvement of the reproductive qualitative characteristics of the population is a major objective in the development of the municipality.
The predominant relief of the municipality is flat. In the eastern part it passes into a hilly-plain. The altitude varies from 30 to 360 meters, with the lowest elevation along the Yantra River. The peculiarities of the relief, passing through the municipality of Yantra and Elia river, are conditions for development of agricultural, industrial, transport-communication and communication activities. Mineral resources are limited, there are no deposits of underground natural resources. The only natural resource is the deposits of benign clayey clay found at the municipal center. In the villages of Karantsi, Obedinenie and Polski Senovets there have been discovered quarries for building stone, which are not currently exploited. The Yantra River Basin is a source of inert materials - gravel and sand used in construction. The limited and insufficient water resources of the municipality consist of surface runoff and groundwater. An important place is the Yantra River with its Elia river. Pump stations are built along the valley. The water catchment area of the river is 86 sq. Km. A large part of the water balance of the municipality is provided by not fully studied groundwater. The municipality has discovered sources of deep-water mineral waters of hypothermal origin. Their temperature ranges between 44 ° C and 47 ° C, and the total mineralization is 3.5 - 5.7 years per liter of water. In the western part of Polski Trambesh there is a drilling for mineral water. The buildings and facilities of "Mineral Springs and Baths- Summer Bath" have an area of 2872 sq.m.
The municipality is served by two intersecting republican first-class roads, third-class national roads and a municipal road network.
The length of the first-class roads is 32.77 km. The roads of III class are 80.85 km and the municipal roads 37.69 km.
The density of the 1st and 3rd class roads (226.6 km / 1000 sq km) is higher than the average for the area (160.2 km / 1000 sq. Km) and more than twice the average for the country (120.2 km / 1000sq. km).
One of the first-class roads I-5, Rousse - Veliko Tarnovo, is an international transport corridor - ICC № 9 and is a central transport axis between northern and southern Bulgaria and transfers international flows in the North-South direction.
The other first-class road I-3, Byala-Pleven, passing through the territory of the municipality, is in the east-west direction.
In the municipality there is a third-class road network (53% of the total length of roads), which serves inter-municipal and intra-regional flows.
Considering the uneven coverage of the territory of the country, n. lines, the municipality of Polski Trambesh has the advantage that it passes through the Gorna Oryahovitsa - Ruse highway.
The total length of the current railway is 17.5 km.
The volume of passenger transport is made up of 2 stations and 3 stops.
Structural sectors of the economy in the municipality are industry, agriculture and business.
The trend of increasing the share of the private sector at the expense of the state and the municipal is a lasting one. This implies efforts by all small and medium-sized enterprise development structures, stimulating local entrepreneurship, strengthening the private sector, raising awareness, skills and qualifications for workers in the sector.
Industry in the Municipality of Polski Trambesh is represented by enterprises of the food industry, enterprises for technological equipment of the livestock production and production of machines and equipment for agricultural mechanization and workshops for production of furniture and electrical appliances.
The prospects for its development are related to the modernization and expansion of the existing sectors and to a fuller closure of the technological cycle between agriculture and the manufacturing industry.
Arable land in Polski Trambesh municipality is 306 203 decares. The ownership of 326 615 decares is restored. The conditions in the area are suitable for growing vegetables, vineyards and cereals.
Crop production is the main agricultural sub-sector for the municipality. The natural and climatic conditions in the region favor the production of mainly cereal-grain, technical and forage crops.
Livestock breeding mainly takes place in the private sector, on farms with a small number of animals, which prevents the efficient introduction of high-productivity mechanization and automation of rearing.
There is an opportunity to fully close the agricultural production cycle - the processing industry and the emergence of high-quality and competitive products on the European market.
The presence of the mineral water sources on the territory of the municipality, whose waters are of hypothermal origin with curative-prophylactic effect and the constructed facilities for servicing them, as well as the presence of the municipal enterprises, allows the municipality for cross-border cooperation (Romania, Greece, others).
On September 8, 2007, Historical Museum was opened in the town of Polski Trambesh as a result of collections and research activities by specialists from the Regional Museum of History in Veliko Tarnovo and the active support of Chitalishte Secretaries from the whole municipality. In the halls of "Archeology", "Ethnography", "Renaissance, new and new history" exhibits are movable monuments of local culture - a bridge between the past and the future. The exhibits presented in the hall "Anthropology" are anthropological reconstructions on the skulls of real historical figures - a scientific and creative work of a member of Corp. Prof.Dr. Yordan Yordanov, our landlord and honorary citizen of Polski Trambesh.
Mineral waters in the municipality are a huge invaluable natural wealth. The flat relief and the low altitude have been reflected in the low eyeprogenic elevation, which approaches the lower water levels to the upper ones.
In May 1970, Thermomineral waters of hyperthermal origin were discovered near Polski Trambesh near the May 1st Mechanical Plant.The water horizon began at 750 m at a depth of 1515 m. Using a powerful compressor the water was ejected to the surface of 25 The temperature is between 44-47 ° C. The flow of mineral water is 50-60 liters per second, compared to 43 liters in the famous spa resorts Hissarya, Kyustendil and Bankya taken together.This quantitative indicators are the most the largest water-treatment complex in Miz yskata platform of Central North Bulgaria.
According to data from the world famous Louis Pasteur Institute in France, mineral waters have valuable healing properties and have proven the diverse mineral content of bromine, potassium, sodium, calcium, chlorine, magnesium, iron, manganese, lithium, barium, traces of strontium and etc. The total mineralization is 3.3-5.7 g per liter of water The chemical composition competes with the most famous thermal mineral springs at Karlovy Vary and Yachimov in the Czech massif, Hargita in the Carpathians, Bad Gastein in the Alps, Vichy in the Central French Massif, Budapest and others.
The alkaline nature of the water (pH -7.7) has a prestigious therapeutic and prophylactic effect and an advantage for the most extensive use.
Healing values of mineral water have a very good motivation in a number of diseases of the musculoskeletal system, the urogenital system, metabolic diseases, chronic gastritis, colitis, gastrointestinal diseases, gastric and duodenal ulcers, cystitis, various forms rheumatism, arthritis and deforming arthroses, diabetes, chronic liver and bile disease, eczema.
In 1971, in a compound at a depth of 1250 m, hot mineral waters were found which reached 50 m above the ground. The average flow rate is about 45 l / sec. The temperature of the water is over 43 ° with a slight alkaline reaction. It has very good mineralization and is preferred for a number of diseases of the peripheral nervous system, gynecological disorders, strengthening of the immune system and others.