The town of Smolyan has 33 153 inhabitants and is 850 to 1050 m above sea level. It is picturesquely scattered in the narrow gorge of Cherna River (Black River), in the most beautiful part of the Rhodope Mountains. It is about 260 km south-east of Sofia, 103 km south of Plovdiv, 87 km west of Kurdzhali, 46 km south-east of Devin and 16 km south of Pamporovo Resort. This is one of the most beautiful Bulgarian towns and a regional administrative centre.
In Smolyan Quarter: The Revival Period houses ? Meramovs?, Sarievs?, Prissadovs?, etc. The overarched bridge (Beiska Kupriya) across Cherna River, built in the beginning of 18th century. Chinar Nature Reserve (sycamore-tree) ? a 250-years old tree. The Planetarium is the biggest in Bulgaria. The Museum of the History of Mid-Rhodope Mountains, houses more than 150 000 exhibits. The Town Art Gallery accommodates thousands of masterpieces of artists and sculptors.
In Raikovo Quarter: Pangalov?s House - valuable architectural monument of culture dating back to 1860, Alibeev Konak - an old residential and agricultural complex in the upper part of the quarter. The Cheshitev?s House in the Cheshitska area - housing interesting typical Rhodope houses from the Revival Period in Dolno Raikovo. Memorial and Channel-House in honour of the inhabitants of Raikovo, who died for freedom. St. Nedelya Church has a rich collections of icons. Mazolev?s Drinking-Fountain bears the inscription, evidencing the first mention of the village.
In Ustovo Quarter: Mednikarska Charshiya (the old coppersmith marketplace), Hadzhiivanov?s House, which provided shelter to the headquarters of the Russian troops in the region during the War of Liberation (1877-1878). The Sheremetev?s, Takov?s, Hadzhichonov?s Houses are also within this area. The Kelyav?s House bears the inscription of sergeant Parhomenko, which informs that some Cossacks from the First Squad of the II Regiment stayed there. St. Nikola Church is remarkable with its plentiful, rich wall paintings and original architecture.
The new, modern centre of the town is a skilful combination of local traditions and existing environment. Its construction was completed in 1983.
The Rhodope Theatre of Drama is successfully functioning in this nice town. The town is also a university centre - it houses the Pedagogical Faculty of Plovdiv University ?Paisii Hilendarski".
Bus transport is the most popular for Smolyan. There are regular bus lines to Sofia, Plovdiv (every hour), Kurdzhali, Devin, Assenovgrad, Chepelare, Pamporovo (every hour) and to other smaller villages within the region. Private buses servicing long-distance lines start 7:00 a.m. from the parking lot opposite the Planetarium. 6 public bus lines are regularly functioning within the boundaries of the town.
16 km to the north, up above the town is one of the biggest Bulgarian winter resorts - Pamporovo 10 km west of the centre of the town is the region of Smolyan Lakes, known as the ?emerald eyes of the Rhodope Mountain?. They totalled 20 in number, but presently there are only 7 lakes. The largest one of them ? Bistroto Ezero, the so called ?clear lake? - is also the deepest and the most beautiful. The whole region forms a natural park of forests, meadows, hotels, a chalet, chapels, lanes, open-chair lift to Mt. Snezhanka (Pamporovo), picturesque vertical rocks. Bus line No. 4 travels to this region.
Smolyan Waterfall - on Kriva (Curved) River, which is the left tributary of Cherna River. The waterfall is 20 meters high and is in the immediate surroundings south-west of the town.
27 km south of Smolyan, in the valley of Arda River is the village of Mogilitsa. It has beautiful Revival Period houses, but the most interesting building is that of the Agushev?s Konak, built in 1843. It was intended for all the year round living (in opposition to the summer Agoushev?s Konak in the Chereshovo Area). It has 221 windows, 86 doors and 24 chimneys. It is artistically decorated inside and outside, with wood-carvings on the ceiling, cupboards, railings and shelters. The Konak tower is flower-painted, and the internal and external architectural design, all in pine, walnut and cherry-wood is splendid piece of art of an unknown Rhodope master. According to the legend, his right hand was cut by Agoush, the owner of the Konak, to make sure that the master will not build another similar masterpiece of art. This is the only preserved medieval feudal castle on the Balkan Peninsula. There are some 20 caves in the vicinity of the village, the most interesting of them being the Ultsata (Uhlovitsa) Cave (3km east of the village) noted for its miraculous cascade lakes. The cave is easily accessible. There is regular bus line from the town of Smolyan to the village.
10 km north of the town is located the extremely interesting village of Momchilovtsi. Its authentic Rhodope architecture, the local historic-ethnographic museum, the interesting habits and traditions, its mild and pleasant climate in all seasons, the delicious local culinary gourmets, its fantastic nature, the availability of a number of family type of hotels and other appealing features turn the village into a special site of domestic and international tourism. There is a regular bus line to Smolyan and Chepelare.
At the middle of the road connecting Smolyan and Roudozem (28 km) is located Mt. Sredno-go-rets (1262 m), called the Rhodope Mt. Shipka. In 1934 a 16 meters high magnificent memorial ? channel-vault was erected in honour of the soldiers of the 21-st Sredna Gora Infantry Regiment commanded by the legendary Colonel Vladimir Serafimov. During the Balkan War, the above-mentioned military unit, jointly with the population from the neighbouring villages led a heroic battle against the numerous regular Turkish troops, which were times more than the Bulgarians. Colonel Serafimov disobeyed the order of the Chief Command Unit to withdraw, declaring: ?I will never betray to the enemies the villages, which have welcomed me as a Liberator just one day ago!?
St. Atanas Monstery and the legendary peak of Kralyov Kamuk are located to the south in the Rhodope Ridge of Kainadina.
Smolyan serves as a starting point for a number of tourist routes in the neighbouring hills and ridges of Western Rhodope Mountains. The town is also a centre of the emerging national recreation and tourist complex ?Orpheus?, enclosing in its boundaries a significant part of the most beautiful Western Rhodope landscapes.