The municipality of Lyaskovets is located in Northern Bulgaria and is one of the constituent municipalities of Veliko Tarnovo District.
The municipality is located in the central part of Veliko Tarnovo district. With its area of 177,373 km2 it occupies the penultimate 9th place among the 10 municipalities of the area, which makes up 3.81% of the territory of the district. Its boundaries are as follows:
to the north - Gorna Oryahovitsa municipality;
to the east - Strazhitsa municipality;
to the south - Zlataritsa municipality;
to the southwest - Veliko Tarnovo Municipality;
The relief of the municipality is hilly and flat, with its whole territory conditionally falling into two physiographic areas: the northern part of the Middle Forebanks and the southeastern part of the Middle Danube Plain.
In the southwest and the eastern part of the municipality there are parts of three low hills, belonging to the Middle Fore-Balkan. Southwest from the town of Lyaskovets on the territory of the municipality rises steeply the eastern parts of the Arbanassi Plateau. Here is the highest point of the municipality - 440 m above sea level. South of it and the villages of Dragijevo and Merdanya, along the border with Veliko Tarnovo municipality, extend the northern slopes of the Prisovsky Rid, with a maximum altitude of Aliev trap (426 m), situated to the west of the village of Dragijevo. In the easternmost part, east of the village of Djulyunitsa, along the border with the municipalities of Strazhitsa and Zlataritsa, stands the secluded elevation Romana, with the same name, with a height of 427 m.
The northern part of the municipality is occupied by the wide and equal valley of the river Yantra, as is the lowest point of the municipality - 64 m above sea level.
The climate of the municipality is temperate continental, characterized by hot summers and cold winters. Relatively low average annual temperature (11.5 ° C) and high annual amplitude (25.2 ° C) are signs of the continental climate in the area. The annual rainfall is below the country average.
The following soil types are mainly distributed: chernozems, gray and gray forest soils, which together with climatic features and varied relief are a prerequisite for high natural fertility. The soils are suitable for the cultivation of wheat, maize, sunflower, viticulture and vegetable production.
The municipality has 6 settlements with a total population of 13,397 inhabitants as of 01.02.2011
Population (2005 - 2015)
15 496 people (21 July 2005)
14 714 people (15.12.2008)
13 397 people (01/02/2011)
13,641 people (15.03.2015)
Number and share of ethnic groups according to population census in 2011
Bulgarians 12 113
They do not identify themselves 46
Did not respond 609
Lyaskovets is formed as a settlement consisting of five neighborhoods bearing the names of the respective churches: Atanas, St. Vasil, St. Georgi, St. Dimitar and St. Nicholas. The oldest settlement was located in the Svetitsata place (named after a small church - St. Trinity). The hamlets are formed at different times, mainly by different migrants, sticking together.
An example of this is the Albanian immigrants, who came to horses tired of the long road and later called the "condyoves". This name also gives the old name of the Condo's neighborhood. To the east of Lyaskovets (the Broda area) was the village of Chertovec, which due to the frequent raids of Turks, Kurdjali and others. was emigrated around the 90s of the 18th century. Its inhabitants settled in the eastern end of Lyaskovets (the neighborhood with the church of St. George), which is so far called by local Chervadets. Although it was associated in this way, Czerwatz remained a separate municipality during the Turkish rule.
One of the most interesting legends related to the situation of Lyaskovets during the Ottoman rule, which finds some confirmation from historical documents, was given by Tsani Ginchev, who writes: "Lyaskovets, before the Turks came from Anatolia, was a village of one's a royal daughter and this royal daughter, then gave her her father to Sultan Murat as a woman, and she still made it a lifetime. that the heirs may not divide it, nor give it to another, but that it be left to all generations, and that the one who falls in order, and since then has become a vaguer, will receive it. "
Interesting facts about the legal situation of Lyaskovets, as well as the other three surrounding villages - Gorna Oryahovitsa, Dolna Oryahovitsa and Arbanassi, are found in a farmhouse issued in 1538 by Sultan Selim II: "The inhabitants of these villages of Paradise are autonomously governed as free citizens. They will be considered simplified and exempt from all government and public taxes and duties ... Every outsider, whatever rank and position to be and to any category, is forbidden to enter force within these limits free and independent villages ... The paradise is not treated as a simple unjust paradise, nor does it attack, torture and torture ... ". Although most of these rights remain mostly on paper, they still give some peace to the population that is experiencing domination comparatively lightly. What is said in this decree is also repeated in several later ones, such as that of Sultan Mahmud II of July 16, 1810. Nevertheless, the situation of the Lyaskovski Monastery set out three revolts against the Ottoman rule.
Georgi Rakovski and Vasil Levski were staying in Lyaskovets. One of the many houses used by them and other revolutionaries is that of Marin Stanchev, who was in the Chervovska neighborhood.
In the municipality of Lyaskovets there are several structurally-defining industrial enterprises, in which considerable production facilities are concentrated and which provide employment to the larger part of the working population of the municipality. Industries such as machine building, metalworking, food and textile industries have been developed. Leading manufacturing companies with international importance based in Lyaskovets are Arcus, Priti, FMA and Vinprom Lyaskovets.
On the territory of Lyaskovets municipality the agricultural land is 122 253 decares, incl. fields with an area of 97,684 decares, distributed in 16,726 agricultural properties. Of these, 9 512 properties have a total area of 54 021 decares and a size of 3 to 10 decares. The consolidation of the land, the intensification of its market and its efficient use are directly related to the overall development of the agricultural sector. Despite the fragmentation of the land, market-oriented cooperatives and tenants in the Lyaskovets municipality manage comparatively large areas. At present, the land is cultivated by five agricultural cooperatives, twelve tenants and many private farmers.
The natural conditions are suitable for the cultivation of different cereals. The area covered with wheat ranges from 32,000 to 34,000 decares, barley - about 7,000 decares, sunflower 13,000 decares. Maize, rapeseed and others are grown.
Appropriate soil and climatic conditions as well as the location of the area create favorable conditions for the development and flourishing of the viticulture sector, where the return is four times greater than the invested funds. The deterioration of the age structure of the vineyard indicates that investments and increase of the occupied areas are necessary. On the territory of the municipality there are 150 decares of vineyards, which are processed in the Lyaskovets Winery. The main purpose of the sector is to integrate the land, the raw material and the final product.
The monuments of culture on the territory of the municipality are divided into several groups: churches (a total of twelve for the municipality, five of which are in Lyaskovets); monasteries ("St. Peter and Paul" in the town of Lyaskovets and "St Forty Martyrs" in the village of Merdanya); Museum of Gurbetchian Gardening in Lyaskovets and other group and individual monuments of culture.
On the territory of the town of Lyaskovets there are registered 120 buildings - monuments of culture, mainly Renaissance, connected with the local history and culture, grouped in four ensembles. Their concentration in distinct zones maintains the spatial characteristics of the city.
In the town of Lyaskovets is the only one of its kind Museum of Gurbetch Gardening, situated in the most attractive part of the town - "Lanzhov Yard", in a beautiful old house - a monument of culture from the Renaissance era. The museum has a museum collection, an arranged courtyard where the traditional exhibits of the area are recreated with appropriate exhibits, and a conference hall for seminars, conferences, meetings and exhibitions is provided after the UNDP - Opportunities 21st Century project. An attractively-tasting center was created under the same project, a great addition to the modern requirements of tourism.
Lyaskovets and the municipality are in close proximity to the railway station. the Gorna Oryahovitsa junction and the international airport in Gorna Oryahovitsa. The highways Sofia - Varna (I-4, E772), and Rousse - Kardzhali (E85) and the railway station pass through the territory of the municipality. line Sofia - Varna.
The municipality of Lyaskovets has developed inter-municipal transport schemes. The settlements in the municipality are interconnected with road communications, which are well developed. In the winter months, road conditions do not change. From Veliko Tarnovo to Lyaskovets travels bus line №14 (which after Lyaskovets continues to Gorna Oryahovitsa) at a distance of 20 minutes, which provides good transport connection for all working and learning in the district town. There is a railway on the territory of the town of Lyaskovets. a station that has been abandoned for years and is being run off. In the past railway. Lyaskovets railway station was the main railway station. line Gorna Oryahovitsa - Elena, as the last railway. station is also closed.